Install WebCalendar via Fantastico in CPanel

WebCalendar is an open source calendar script that is very flexible and quite useful for sharing your busy life. Here are directions for installing WebCalendar on your site. You can use it on your local machine, too.

Sign in to CPanel, click on Fantastico, and near the bottom of the script list, select WebCalendar under Other Scripts.

Installation screen for WebCalendar.

Installation screen for WebCalendar.

Click on New Installation to bring up the next installation screen.

Installation details for WebCalendar.

Installation details for WebCalendar.

Fill in the directory in which to install the calendar script, enter the admin username and password combination as well as the admin contact information, then click on Install WebCalendar.

Database and MySQL user details for WebCalendar installation.

Database and MySQL user details for WebCalendar installation.

Make a note of the database and MySQL user that are created for your installation before clicking on Finish Installation.

User details for WebCalendar install.

User details for WebCalendar install.

Enter your email address so that details of the script installation will be sent to you once you click the Send E-mail button.

Now that your calendar script is installed, it’s time to get some help for customizing it. Check out WebCalendar’s developers’ site and a few other helpful links:

Tips For Search.php and Its Searchform Script in WordPress

The more you twiddle with WordPress the more you will learn about it. Makes sense, yes? Read on for a couple tips on coding and styling the WP search function.

Check out these search function tricks for your WP blog:

  • Use the right path in the call to the searchform.php. While you want to search all the important text on your blog, you don’t want your visitors to search your entire server. Some pages may have <?php echo $_SERVER ['PHP_SELF']; ?> as the value for the action attribute of the search form and that could enable a search of the entire server. Restrict the search to the content of your blog by using <?php bloginfo ('home'); ?> instead.
  • Modify search.php to allow for personalization or styling of the search output. Wrap a div around the output to be able to stylize the content with a new id or class. For instance, the following code assigns the value of the variable $s to the value of the search term with any special characters stripped from it. The code also specifies the leading text that appears when search results are returned to the screen. Try searching for a term in this blog to see the output.

<?php $s = wp_specialchars($s, 1); ?>
<div id="search-phrase">

<?php _e('We found the following posts that matched your search criteria: ' . "$s"); ?>
</div>

  • Target the search results in style.css with the new id or class. Applying an id to the wrapping div lets you target the leading text of the search results in your style.css stylesheet. In the example above the stylesheet could be used to style div#search-phrase to draw the reader’s attention.
  • Use wp_specialchars() when calling for variables returned by searchform.php. Echoing <?php echo $s; ?> is a bad practice because it may allow malicious code injection. When returning values from any database make sure to use wp_specialchars() to first strip any “special characters” before outputting to the screen.

Keep reading and learning!

Read, Write and Execute Permission Settings for Apache Servers

In the Unix and Apache world three settings will allow or disallow scripts from working. The right permissions must be set on any script or file that needs server help to be read, written to or executed. The files to which scripts may be writing need correct permissions to allow the script access.

Files may be readable, writable and/or executable. The permission settings are always referred to in this order, read-write-execute, or r-w-x.

Each of the three permission’s settings can be applied to three sets of users, namely owner, group and world. So, if you see a directory listing of a cgi script, for example, you will see three sets of permissions that represent the capabilities of each type of visitor — owner, group and world, in that order — with respect to that file.

For example, say that my file, test.cgi, has the following line in a directory listing:

- rwxr-xr-x 1 jen users 2134 Sep 12 9:42 test.cgi

The first set of rwx refers to the owner permissions, the second set of r-x refers to the group permissions, and the third r-x refers to the world permissions. We say that the permissions for the file test.cgi has permissions of 755.

How did we get to 755 from rwxr-xr-x ? Each permission has a number associated with it like so, r = 4, w = 2, and x = 1. In this example the owner has read-write-execute permission, and 4 + 2 + 1 = 7. The group and world settings do not include write permissions so both of those permissions add up to 5, for a file permission’s setting of 755.

Changing the permissions of a file is easy with your FTP client. Right-click on a file name and select change permissions or CHMOD, which stands for “change mode” or change file permissions. Then it is a simple matter of selecting your desired read-execute, r-x, or 755.

Theme Description for WordPress Blog Lies in the Stylesheet

So, you’ve embarked on creating your first WordPress theme. Lots of questions arise, like “Where the heck do I put a description for my new theme?

Open up the stylesheet, style.css, and insert several commented lines at the beginning like so:

/*
Theme Name: My First WordPress Theme
Theme URI: http://computeraxe.com/
Description: This is my first wordpress theme.
Version: 0.1
Author: LizzyFin
Author URI:
http://computeraxe.com/
*/

Everything after the “:” is cataloged by WordPress as theme metadata, or information about your theme.

The theme name, description and version will appear in the Admin/Presentation/Themes panel to describe the WP theme. A separate screenshot of the functioning theme completes this picture.

The author’s name and URI, as well as the theme URI where one can see the theme in action, are important details to include at the top of every WordPress stylesheet.